The Romanian town of Fetesti is located in the Baragan plain, just south of Bucharest and on the Borcea branch of the Danube River. Fetesti was first mentioned in 1528 by the ruler of Wallachia, Fetesti gained town status in 1868. Located close to mouth of the Danube and the Black Sea, it is, today, an important industrial centre within Romania.
Located at the southern end of the Danube River is the village of St Gheorghe, one of the oldest cities in Transylvania. The long history of the village is evident in some of the remaining building which have an obvious Byzantine influence in their style and construction. The village of St Gheorghe also plays host to the Anonimul International Independent Film Festival.
Situated on the Danube Delta, the Romanian port of Cernavoda provides a point of access from which to access the surrounding vineyards – which produce Chardonnay wine. It also offers an opportunity to visit Constanta – the oldest continuously inhabited city in Romania. Situated on the western coast of the Black Sea, Cernavoda is an ancient metropolis of fascinating architecture.
Located along the River Danube in northern Bulgaria is the city of Russe. The biggest river port on the Danube, Russe was once a garrison port of the Roman Danube fleets. Russe has been ruled by many nations over the centuries and enjoyed many reinventions, from the original 1st century Romans to the Ottoman Empire of the 1800s meaning there is a rich mix of cultures and architecture to be found. The main attraction of the city is also its oldest building, the Russian-style Church of Sveta Troitsa, which features many incredibly well-preserved murals.
Located in the extreme north-western region of Bulgaria is the port town of Vidin, which is renowned for its architecture. The 14th century Fortress of Baba Vida with its thick walls and beautiful towers is a wonderfully-preserved landmark. Take a stroll along the banks of the river and soak in the beautiful setting of this town. It is also worth noting that Vidin is highly renowned for its wines and there is annual fair dedicated to the produce of the local grape.
The Djerdap gorge system on the Danube River divides the Carpathian and Balkan Mountains and forms a boundary between Romania and former Yugoslavia. The last gorge in this system is the Iron Gate, which is two miles long and 530 feet wide. Its towering rock cliffs have helped establish it as one of Europe’s most dramatic natural wonders. The history of this gorge extends back to the 2nd century, when Trajan, a Roman Emperor, ordered a road and stone bridge be built as Kladovo. In 1972, a dam and hydro-electric station was constructed which led to the creation of a 150-km lake.
Belgrade is the capital of Serbia and is located the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers. Its name means “White City” and since Serbia gained status as an independent nation in 2006, it has become one of south-eastern Europe’s must-visit destinations. It is home to St Sava Church, one of the largest Orthodox churches in the world. After the original idea was put forward in 1895, construction of the church began 40 years later, in 1935, and was completed in 1989. Kalemegdan is the site of a former Belgrade fortress, which now serves as the central park of Belgrade and is the best place in the city to view the confluence of the rivers and the gorgeous sunset.
The river port and industrial town of Mohács sits on the banks of the Danube River, in southern Hungary, close to the Croatian and Serbian borders. It is best known for its battlefield, of which was the site of a major battle in 1526 between Hungarians and Turkish forces. The Hungarians were defeated, which led to Hungary becoming part of the Ottoman Empire.
The River Danube plays a vital role in the build-up of the Hungarian capital of Budapest. It flows right through the heart of the city and has led to the construction of seven magnificent bridges - which connect the old city of Buda, on the right bank, with more modern city of Pest, on the left bank. One of the city’s instantly recognisable highlights is the Hungarian parliament building – a spectacular structure which sits beside the Danube. Venture into Budapest, wander its many streets, and you will discover St. Matthias Church, which was originally built in Romanesque style in the 11th century, but later rebuilt in Gothic style, in the 14th century.
The charming Austrian capital is situated on the River Danube and is a world-renowned centre for classical music, art, theatre and history. Home of the waltz, the Spanish Riding School, Sachertorte and Vienna Boys’ Choir, its central core is easily manageable by foot but excellent public transport is also available. The Schönbrunn Palace is the summer residence of Maria Theresia and the Hapsburgs and is one of the most iconic buildings in this great city.
Before 1806, Vienna was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire and later it became the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and, in 1918, the capital of independent Austria which emerged from World War I as a republic. During WWII, Vienna was divided into five zones, but the 1955 State Treaty helped the country regain its independence and Vienna was once again the capital of a sovereign Austria.
The riverside village of Durnstein sits on the banks of the River Danube, in the heart of the Wachau wine region. It is perhaps most famous for its hilltop ruin of Kunringer Castle, where Richard the Lionheart is said to have been held prisoner in 1192 by Duke Leopold V. Durnstein is also home to a number of old burgher houses, wine taverns, and 16th and 18th century townhouses. There is also an ornate blue and white-coloured Baroque church, which sits by the riverside and resembles and giant pepper pot.
Situated in northeast Austria is the city of Melk – regarded as a gateway to the famous Wachau wine region. It is located at a meeting point of the Danube and Melk rivers and is home to a towering, yellow, baroque Abbey, which sits high above the Danube River. Inside the Abbey, you will find many interesting features including the Melk Cross, Abbey Library, Marble Room, and Collegiate Church. Elsewhere in the city, you will find a number of pretty Renaissance houses and the Schallaburg Castle.
Resting at the confluence of the Danube, Inn and Ilz rivers in Bavaria is the town of Passau. Lying on the border of Austria, Passau offers a unique and eclectic blend of German and Austria Baroque architecture. St Stephen’s Cathedral is the main focus for tourism in Passau and is a true masterpiece of Italian Baroque. The main attractions of the cathedral include a treasury, museum, Italian painted frescoes and the biggest European church organ, boasting 17,774 pipes.
Situated along the banks of the Danube River is the Bavarian city of Regensburg. A cultural centre of Germany, the cities medieval heart is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site, boasting one of the most important Gothic churches in Bavaria, St. Peter’s Cathedral. With a stunning 14th century stained glass window and two Romanesque chapels, St. Peter’s in one of the main attractions in Regensburg. Full of history, the city also offers other notable examples of Romanesque architecture, including the Porta Praetoria, which dates back to 179 AD. Despite the repeated bombings of WW2, Regensburg’s medieval buildings and charm has survived, and sustained little damage.
Located on the Main-Daunbe Canal just 15 miles from Nuremburg is the Bavarian town of Roth. The main attraction of Roth is the 16th Century castle Schloss Ratibor, built as a hunting lodge by the Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach. Today the castle is a museum, restaurant, municipal library and the offices and meeting rooms of the city council.
Located on the Pegnitz River is the second largest city of Bavaria and incredibly energetic city of Nuremberg. Emerging from the uplands of Franconia, Nuremberg is also close to the Main-Danube Canal. With official records dating back to 1050 this incredible city has a very long history, unfortunately only a handful of historic buildings survived the damage of WW2. The most significant remaining building is the Church of St. Sebald, a breathtaking example of gothic and renaissance master craft. As well as museums, a Renaissance city hall, and customs house, there is an imperial castle towering above them all.
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